Surgery correcting a deviated nasal septum (the cartilage and bone that separates the left and right side of the nose). This surgery is usually performed through incision hidden within the nose. In extreme cases, or if paired with a rhinoplasty, a small external incision is used (open approach).
Balloon Sinus Surgery
This is the least invasive intervention to the sinuses. It is performed in the office, awake. After topical anesthetics are placed, small balloons are guided into the normal sinus outflow tracts and are then inflated. Under controlled pressure, these balloons dilate the openings and increase normal flow of mucus out of the sinuses. Recovery is minimal.
Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery
Normal sinus outflow tracts are enlarged surgically through the nose with a small scope. This is a more definitive surgery that balloon sinuplasty, and is performed in the operating room with general anesthesia
Thyroid nodules require adequate evaluation and surveillance. While most nodules are benign, some do harbor cancer requiring surgery.
Parathyroid glands are responsible for maintaining normal levels of calcium in the blood. When one gland enlarges or if all glands are overactive, this balance is lost. Often times the excess calcium doesn't have any symptoms. Depending on the situation, surgery may be indicated. Close follow-up afterward is necessary.
The parotid gland is the largest salivary gland. There is one on each side of the face located by the cheek. These glands may develop masses. Full evaluation of the mass is needed, which may require removal for biopsy. The surgery complicated by the facial nerve which runs through the center of the gland and is identified and meticulously avoided.
Submandibular Gland Excision
This pair of salivary glands are located behind the lower jawline. With age these can sag and give the appearance of neck fullness. Sometimes calcifications (stones) may block the drainage of the ducts and cause pain. Masses, both benign or cancerous, may also form in the glands and require its removal.
Tympanic membrane perforation can be corrected with microscopic surgery, with well hidden incisions behind the ear. Perforations can cause an ear to be prone to infections and affect air-conduction hearing.